A range of resources to assist you in your family history research

Getting Started | Tree Building | BMD Registration | Census Returns | Parish Registers |Reporting and Publishing | Other Resources

Tree Building

For newcomers to family history, there is now a bewildering variety of resources to assist in the process of building and maintaining a family tree. The correct choice will vary according to personal requirements and preferences. Before a choice is made, careful consideration is required as to whether you want to build your tree offline or online and, if the latter, the extent to which you want to share information with others. We strongly recommend, however, that offline trees are backed up online and vice versa to guard against the possibilities of local records being destroyed by accident or natural disaster and online information being compromised by bankruptcy or other corporate failure.

Offline tree building

There are two alternatives: use of a standalone software package or use of a package linked to a website hosting online trees. The dividing line is somewhat blurred as many packages include a facility to upload all or part of your family tree to your own website or free web space if your ISP provides it. There is a useful Wikipedia page entitled Comparison of genealogy software. This summarizes the main features of a range of offline (or client-based) packages. Just click on the name of a product for further details.

Three FREE genealogy software packages are worth a look. All are recommended by the LDS Church. They are not "time limited" trial versions:-

Legacy Family Tree Standard Edition has a wide range of features and can be upgraded to the paid version with even more features. Version 9 was released in 2017. Legacy has the added benefit of being certified for sharing and collaboration with FamilySearch Family Tree.

RootsMagicEssentials is the FREE version containing many of the core features of RootsMagic Family Tree software. Roots Magic has the added benefit of being certified for sharing and collaboration with FamilySearch Family Tree and can be upgraded to the paid version.

Ancestral Quest Basics is the FREE version of Ancestral Quest (AQ. Ancestral Quest is certified for sharing and collaboration with FamilySearch Family Tree. We now use AQ to maintain the master copy of our tree and are using it to synchronize our trees with FamilySearch Family Tree.

Most packages provide the facility to export GEDCOM files for backup purposes, but a good alternative is the use of a "cloud service" to hold online copies of local files. We use Backblaze to ensure that all of our family history files including family trees, photos and documents are copied online every time a change is made. It is not a free service, but has served us without problems for some time.

Online tree building

Several major genealogy websites offer the facility to build a tree online. If your are starting from scratch, this simply involves entering all family relationships and related information as it becomes available. If you already have an offline tree, it is necessary to upload a GEDCOM file. New information can then be entered online. These sites offer varying features as discussed below:-

Ancestry.co.uk offers the facility to build trees online or to upload GEDCOM files. Trees can be made public or kept private and can be downloaded to your computer as a GEDCOM file at any time. Whilst it is possible to upload further GEDCOM files containing amended data, this will result in the deletion of photos and other items attached to records in the Ancestry tree. If you display your tree on Ancestry, the site automatically generates "Hints" linking individuals to records in the Ancestry database or individuals in trees displayed by other members.

MyHeritage allows trees to be built online, uploaded as GEDCOM files or built offline using Family Tree Builder and published as described above. FTB 8.0, released in February 2016, allows trees held offline in FTB and online on MyHeritage in much the same way as FTM and Ancestry.

My Heritage also offers "Record Matching" as an add-on to the site's SuperSearch facility. Record matching performs background searches of a wide range of data sources and matches them to individuals in your published tree.

GenesReunited offers the facility to build trees online or to upload GEDCOM files. Trees are private unless opened to other subscribers on an individual basis. They can be downloaded to your computer as a GEDCOM file at any time. If your master tree is held offline, new versions can be uploaded as GEDCOM files at any time.

The GenesReunited "Keepsafe" facility allows members to store photos and documents, attach them to individuals in published trees and share them with other members.

findmypast allows family trees to be created online. They can be either private or public. It is possible to upload GEDCOM files, but it is not clear whether trees can be downloaded as yet.

Familysearch.org is the family history website of the LDS Church. It allows family trees to be built online either by entering data or uploading GEDCOM files. Approved software packages such as Ancestral Quest and Roots Magic can also be used to sychronize records with the LDS Family Tree. We are currently using Ancestral Quest to build our tree on Family Tree. The software facilitates searches for matching individuals. Duplicate records can be merged and new records created without leaving Ancestral Quest. The history of all changes is preserved on Family Tree and the watch facility allows you to be notified of any changes made relating to individuals of interest.

A key feature of the FamilySearch tree is that all users have access to the same data. The intention is that collaboration between individual researchers will produce a single "world tree" containing only one record for each individual. Having been compiled over a long period from a variety of sources, there are many duplicate entries and a significant volume of incorrect information. The main drawback is that it is all to easy for ill-informed users to amend or delete well sourced information. There is a messaging facility, but such users do not always respond.

Public or private?

The discussion of online tree building above has highlighted the distinction between private and publicly available trees.

The main advantage of publishing family trees - as we do on this website and on Ancestry.co.uk - is to maximize the possibility of making contact with distant relatives or others researching the same families. This can result in the sharing of information and greatly assist in growing your tree. The downside is that some researchers publish information which has not been properly verified and others will take chunks of your tree and add it to theirs without acknowledging the source.

If trees are kept private, it can be difficult or impossible to make contact with other researchers with common interests. A possible alternative is GenesReunited which holds a copy of your tree - either entered online or uploaded as GEDCOM file - which is searchable by other users. When contacted, you have the choice of whether to allow them to view the tree, but need to be a subscribing member.

Another way of establishing contact with other researchers is Lost Cousins. This site allows you to enter details of your relatives from census returns and matches them with entries made by others. The site is FREE to use but a subscription is required if you wish to contact other users.


The term GEDCOM is used extensively on this page. It is an acronym for Genealogical Data COMmunication and was developed by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) to provide a flexible, uniform format for exchanging computerized genealogical data. Most family tree software will export and import a GEDCOM file, although some do it better than others. Whilst it is generally possible to exchange basic data without difficulty, implementations of GEDCOM vary between packages and difficulties can arise where your tree uses features which are not supported by the destination software or not exported by the original software.

If you wish to maximize the possibility of ensuring the integrity of your data when moving it between packages, you may wish to consider The Complete Genealogy Builder from Nigel Bufton Software. This takes account of the differences in GEDCOM implementation in the major software packages in order to avoid data loss and preserve formatting e.g. the order of children within families. See our Reporting & Publishing page for details of Nigel's companion product The Complete Genealogy Reporter.

Page last modified: 9 February 2022